2009, Economic and Political Weekly - número/volum X - ISSN: 0012-9976 - Pàgines 0-0 - DOI null
Autors de l'ICTA:
Joan Martínez Alier
Tots els autors:
Martínez Alier, J.
The economic crisis in Europe, the United States, Japan affords an opportunity to put the economy of the rich countries on a different trajectory as regards material and energy flows. CO2 emissions were growing by 3 per cent per year, we would have reached 450 ppm in 30 years. Now is the time for a permanent socio-ecological transition to lower levels of energy and materials use, including a decrease in the HANPP. The crisis might also give an opportunity for a restructuring of social institutions. The objective in rich countries should be to live well without the imperative of economic growth. It seems that happiness is not related to income growth, above a certain level of income. Moreover, economic accounting does not properly count environmental damages and the exhaustibility of resources.
For twenty years, the orthodox slogan was Sustainable Development (Brundtland Report, 1987) meaning economic growth that is environmentally sustainable. We know however that economic growth is not environmentally sustainable. Now is the time in rich countries for socially sustainable economic de-growth, reinforced by an alliance with the “environmentalism of the poor” of the South.